Integrative Medicine Faculty

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Dr. George L. Bakris

George L. Bakris, MD, FASH, FASN, FAHA

Dr. George Bakris is Professor of Medicine and the Director of the ASH Comprehensive Hypertension Center at the University of Chicago Medicine. He currently serves as an Expert Consultant to the FDA Cardio-Renal Advisory Board and to CMS (Renal Medicare and Medicaid program). He has served on the JNC VI and 7, ADA and the National Kidney Foundation (K-DOQI) BP and Diabetes Guideline writing committees. He is the Past-President of the Am. Soc. of Hypertension (ASH) (2010-2012) and the American College of Clinical Pharmacology (2000-2002). He has published over 600 peer-reviewed publications in the areas of hypertension and diabetic nephropathy as well as 16 Books in the area of Hypertension and Diabetic Kidney Disease. He is the Editor of Am J Nephrology and the Hypertension, Section Editor of Up-to-Date, as well as an Assoc. Ed of Diabetes Care and Hypertension Res. He serves on more than 14 different editorial boards.

Dr. Cynthia Boyd

Cynthia Boyd, PhD

Cynthia Boyd, Ph D. is a neuropsychologist and the Senior Scientific Director at the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center  (DVBIC) at Naval Medical Center San Diego. Dr. Boyd has been involved in clinical and educational efforts at DVBIC for the past 10 years.

Dr. Boyd provides in-service training at Naval Medical Center and has presented nationally on a variety of neuropsychological issues such as traumatic brain injury, posttraumatic stress disorder, and malingering of psychological symptoms and cognitive dysfunction. She is a subject matter expert on violence associated with TBI and PTSD.

She has been actively involved in the legal/forensic arena, specifically regarding TBI and legal issues in returning troops. Since 2008, she has participated with the legal community to establish a Veteran’s Court in San Diego. As a representative of DVBIC, she has been an invited to provide TBI and PTSD educational trainings to members of law enforcement, district attorneys, public defenders, United States Navy JAG, and California superior court judges. Dr. Boyd also has an independent practice in forensic neuropsychology specializing in forensic evaluations of TBI, PTSD, and violent offenders. She has been retained as an expert witness in capital cases involving Veterans with TBI and PTSD.

Dr. Kelly Brogan

Kelly Brogan, MD

As an undergraduate at M.I.T., Dr. Brogan studied Cognitive Neuroscience and worked with Harvard undergraduates to create a public forum for the discussion of alternative medicine, directing conferences for the Hippocratic Society.  She attended Cornell Medical School where she was awarded the Rudin Scholarship for Psychiatric Oncology and began her work in Reproductive Psychiatry, which she went on to train in during her residency at NYU/Bellevue.  A strong interest in the interface of medicine and psychiatry led her to pursue a fellowship in Consultation Liaison/Psychosomatic Medicine at NYU/Bellevue/VA Hospital.  Since that time, she remains on faculty and has focused her efforts on her private practice where she cares for women across the life cycle including pregnancy and postpartum, and on teaching, lecturing, and writing to an international audience interested in evidence-based non-medication approaches to psychiatric symptoms and women’s wellness. Her academic areas of interest include toxicology/environmental medicine, nutrition, inflammatory models of mental illness, autoimmunity, and epigenetics. She has published in the field of Psycho-Oncology, Women’s Health, Perinatal Mental Health, Alternative Medicine, and Infectious Disease.  She is on the board of Green Med Info, Pathways to Family Wellness, NYS Perinatal Association, and Fisher Wallace, and Medical Director for Fearless Parent. She is the nation’s only physician Board Certified in Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine, as well as Board Certified in Integrative and Holistic Medicine.

Dr. Cheryl Burdette, N.D.

Cheryl Burdette, ND

Cheryl Burdette, N.D. received her Doctor of Naturopathy degree from Bastyr University in 2001. She completed her residency at Cancer Treatment Centers of America. Dr. Burdette is currently in private practice in Atlanta, Georgia at Progressive Medical Center, one of the largest Integrative Medicine clinics in the Southeast. She is the director of a naturopathic residency program with a focus in nutritional biochemistry. She serves on an IRB board and reviews studies related to complementary and alternative therapies. Dr. Burdette is one of the authors of the book, Laboratory Evaluations in Molecular Medicine and has published in many journals including Alternative Medicine Review and Clinical Chemistry.

She is an often-sought speaker and is invited to present at Grand Rounds at all of the Naturopathic medical schools as well as educational events for M.D.s, D.O.s and other allied healthcare practitioners. Dr. Cheryl Burdette has been a member of the BOA for an Inc 500 supplement company since 2009. She serves as a faculty member at University Bridgeport. She also teaches at the University of Miami, the first medical program to include integrative medicine in the core curriculum.

She is President and Education director of Dunwoody Labs. In this position she is involved in clinical trials of different nutritional products as well as development of functional testing profiles. Her marriage between clinical practice and laboratory oversight, gives her a unique perspective in evidence-based natural therapies, testing and research.

Dr. Ercole L. Cavalieri

Ercole L. Cavalieri, PhD

Dr. Ercole Cavalieri, Professor, Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases and Director, University of Nebraska Center for Environmental Health >and Toxicology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska. Dr. Cavalieri received a D.Sc. in Chemistry in 1962 from the University of Milan, Milan, Italy. After receiving his degree, he was a postdoctoral fellow at the Polytechnic of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland (1963), where he conducted research in the photochemistry of steroid hormones. He then was a researcher, lecturer and assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada, from 1965 to 1968, where he conducted research in organic photochemistry and mechanisms of ozonolysis. Dr. Cavalieri came to the United States in 1968 as a Damon Runyon Postdoctoral Fellow in the laboratory of Nobel laureate Dr. Melvin Calvin, Chemical Biodynamics laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, where he began to work on mechanisms of carcinogenesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

In 1971, Dr. Cavalieri came to the Eppley Institute as an Assistant Professor, >where he has continued to work on mechanisms of carcinogenesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In 1974, he became Associate Professor, in 1978 he received academic tenure, and in 1981 he was promoted to Professor. In 1985-1986, Dr. Cavalieri served as a UNMC Honor Lecturer of the Mid-America State Universities Association. In 1994 he received the Outstanding Research and Creative Activity Award (ORCA) from the University of Nebraska. He became the Director of the Center for Environmental Toxicology at the University of Nebraska (1997-2010). In 2007, he received the UNMC Distinguished Scientist Award. Dr. Cavalieri is the author of 213 peer-reviewed scientific publications and 27 reviews and book chapters mainly in the area of mechanisms of cancer initiation by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and estrogens. The research on estrogens has led to the discovery of the estrogen metabolites responsible for the initiation of breast, prostate and other prevalent human cancers.

Dr. Joseph Cleaver

Joseph Cleaver, MD

Dr. Joe Cleaver is the co-founder of Paradigm Wellness Medical Group. Board certified in internal medicine, he has been practicing medicine since 1990. A fellow of the American Board of Anti-Aging/Regenerative Medicine (ABAARM), Dr. Cleaver is board-certified in anti-aging and regenerative medicine and a member enrolled in the fellowship program at the Institute for Functional Medicine. He has achieved certification by the ABAARM in Advanced Metabolic Endocrinology. He is a member of the Institute for Functional Medicine and is currently enrolled in the fellowship program with scheduled completion in 2014.


Dr. Cleaver received his medical degree from the University of Rome in Italy. With his medical education, hands on experience and a strong interest in nutrition while living in Rome, he is a strong proponent of the Mediterranean diet, a heart-healthy eating plan inspired by the traditional dietary patterns of southern Italy, Spain, Greece, and parts of the Middle East. During his time in Italy, Dr. Cleaver developed an in-depth understanding of the impact of the Mediterranean diet and lifestyle on the prevention of chronic illness, longevity, and quality of life.

Following medical school in Italy, Dr. Cleaver returned to the U.S., completing his residency in internal medicine at Robert Wood Johnson - Jersey Shore University Medical Center, and a fellowship in rheumatology at the University of Miami's Jackson Memorial Hospital.


Prior to opening Paradigm Wellness Medical Group, Dr. Cleaver was an assistant clinical professor at University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center. Subsequently, he joined the Cooper Clinic/Cooper Institute in Dallas, Texas, a nonprofit research and education organization dedicated globally to preventive medicine. From 1996 to 2009, he conducted hundreds of clinical trials, researching the effects of lifestyle, pharmaceuticals, and nutraceuticals in the treatment of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic disorders, weight loss, exercise and longevity. As Head of The Division of Clinical Research and the Human performance Lab at the Cooper Institute 2006 -2009), he collaborated on the continued advancement and improvement of the CCLS (The Cooper Clinic Longitudinal Study) that contains more than 250,000 records from almost 100,000 individuals representing more than 1,800,000 person-years of observation. Research that further proved that by making scientifically measured decisions about one's activity levels, the chances of dying of anything, or what is termed as "all-cause mortality," is reduced significantly. His has published research in the field of nutraceuticals. He has conducted NIH research, funded by Homeland Security grants, assessing the health and readiness of first responders, focusing on firefighters. Dr. Cleaver's true passion, however, lies in integrative and functional medicine with a preventive focus.

Throughout his career, Dr. Cleaver has been dedicated to researching and designing anti-aging personalized lifestyle programs with emphasis on what he calls the four cornerstones of a healthy balanced lifestyle, sound nutrition, appropriate exercise, stress management, and quality sleep. This allows him to customize a unique and personalized regimen for his patients. Combined with functional and conventional medicine, hormone balancing and natural therapies, his personalized lifestyle approach effectively restores quality of life function, and passion for living.

His experience living in the Mediterranean culture while attending medical school, combined with his extensive research experience and anti-aging and regenerative medicine training, uniquely qualify him as a healthy aging physician.

Recent presentations

The Metabolic Edge -Secrets to Next Level Performance

Supplements - So What Do You Take Doc

Hormone Replacement Therapy - Controversies and Truths

Prostate Cancer - Know Your Risk

Preventing Frailty Syndrome and Sarcopenic Obesity

Thyroid Cancer - Prevention and Risk

Publications and Articles

Brain Fitness: How Exercise Can Make You Smarter...And More Successful. (North Bay Biz Magazine - Medical Editor Contributor

Cardiorespiratory fitness, adiposity, and serum 25-dihydroxyvitamin d levels in men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Feb;43(2): 266-71

Effects of omega-3 supplementation in combination with diet and exercise on weight loss and body composition. American J Clinical Nutrition, 2011;93: 455-462

Dr. Josh L. Duckworth

Josh L. Duckworth, MD, MC, USN

Dr. Josh Duckworth holds a Bachelor's Degree in Economics from California State University Sonoma and a Medical Degree from the Uniformed Services University (USU).

He completed his Neurology residency at Walter Reed Army Medical Center and Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD) during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) in which he cared for hundreds of service members suffering from isolated TBI and Neuropolytrauma. Following completion of his Neurocritical care fellowship at Johns Hopkins Hospital, CDR Duckworth was deployed to Kandahar, Afghanistan, in support of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF),  where he served as the Neurologist and Neurointensivist at the NATO ROLE-3 and as the Medical Director for The Warrior Recovery Center and the Concussion Specialty Care Center. Returning from Afghanistan he served as the Medical Director for the Defense Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) at Naval Medical Center, San Diego (NMCSD) and as the Medical Director for the Naval Office of Neurotrauma.

He was recognized as the NAVMEDWEST Top Navy Neurologist in 2008. His military awards include Navy Commendation Medal (2006, 2009, 2012), Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal, Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, Army Achievement Medal, and Leadership Award from the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States.

CDR Duckworth is currently an Assistant Professor in Neurology at the F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine at the Uniform Services University (USU), in Bethesda Maryland where his clinical research efforts are focused towards the understanding and management of traumatic Brain Injury related pathophysiology, with active clinical trials evaluating the neurologic effect of repetitive blast exposure and his labs focus on the role of axonal pathology in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and identification and management of inflammatory mechanisms in both acute and chronic brain injury. Dr. Duckworth holds additional academic appointments at The Johns Hopkins University, George Washington University, and the University of California, San Diego. 

Dr. Lena Edwards

Lena Edwards, MD

Dr. Lena Edwards completed her medical education at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine in 1992.  She went on to complete a three year internal medicine residency at the University of Kentucky Medical Center during which time she received numerous research awards and was recognized as both Intern of the Year and Resident of the Year.  Her leadership and teaching abilities prompted her to be appointed to the position of Chief Resident in 1999.  During her residency, she co-authored several book chapters and medical papers which were published in peer reviewed medical journals, including the prestigious Annals of Internal Medicine.
Shortly after entering private medical practice, Dr. Edwards began pursuing the fields of integrative and functional medicine.  She completed both the board certification and the fellowship program through the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine.  Thereafter, she also completed the A4M fellowship in Integrative Cancer Therapy.  After initially working in a group setting, she went on to independently establish her own medical practice, Balance Health & Wellness Center, in 2003.  In 2007, Dr. Edwards appeared on the front cover of Kentucky MD News Magazine which highlighted her unique approach in combining conventional and integrative medical care to provide patients with optimal health outcomes.  Due to her level of expertise and excellence in patient care, she has attracted over 2000 patients from all over the world.  In 2012, she  appeared as the ‘Health and Wellness’ expert on the PBS television series, Journey into Wellbeing.
In addition to operating her full time private practice in Kentucky, Dr. Edwards remains avidly involved in teaching, speaking, and authoring.  She functions in numerous capacities which include serving as an oral board examiner and fellowship instructor for the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine, a member of the A4M Abstract Review Committee, a member of the Medical Advisory Board of Health Intelligence Magazine, and a Community faculty member of The University of Kentucky School of Medicine, Assistant Professor at the University of South Florida, and is on the review board of the Annals of Internal Medicine.  She is also a national and international speaker and consultant for several other organizations. 
Dr. Edwards’ is best recognized for her expertise in HPA axis and adrenal dysfunction.  She has extensively researched, written and spoken on this topic for nearly a decade.  She co-authored a peer reviewed article, Hypocortisolism: An Evidence Based Review, which was published in August, 2011, in IMJC.  She also authored an evidence based book titled Adrenalogic:  Outsmarting Stress which has sold thousands of copies worldwide.  She plans to continue working on additional books which will focus on the numerous aspects of HPA axis and adrenal dysfunction, particularly focusing on the global and multidimensional nature of these entities.  Her clinical book, HPA Axis and Adrenal Dysfunction: A Clinician’s Manual is scheduled to be published in 2015.  

Dr. Alessio Fasano

Alessio Fasano, MD

Director of Center for Celiac Research
Director of Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center
Chief of Division of P0ediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Vice Chair for Basic, Clinical and Translational Research
MassGeneral Hospital for Children
Visiting Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School

Alessio Fasano, M.D., founded the Center for Celiac Research in 1996 to offer state-of-the art research, clinical expertise and teaching for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of gluten-related disorders, including celiac disease, wheat allergy and gluten sensitivity. In 2003 members of Dr. Fasano’s research team established that celiac disease affects approximately 1 percent of the U.S. population, a significantly higher number than previously believed. Researchers from the Center also have recently identified molecular differences between celiac disease and gluten sensitivity, a newly defined condition on the spectrum of gluten-related disorders.

During research designed to develop a cholera vaccine, Dr. Fasano uncovered a toxin, zonula occludens, which causes diarrhea by loosening the tight junctions and allowing intestinal permeability. Subsequently, the Fasano lab identified the protein zonulin, which controls this process. Dr. Fasano’s research since established the role of zonulin in the pathogenesis of celiac disease and type 1 diabetes. Safety and efficacy testing of a zonulin inhibitor, Larazotide acetate, has been completed and plans are underway for Phase III clinical trials of the compound.

Dr. Fasano’s lab is currently investigating the composition and changes in the gastrointestinal microbiota to help determine why some individuals with an inherited predisposition to celiac disease develop clinical disease while others do not. His lab is also investigating the role of the timing of gluten introduction to infants in the development of celiac disease and working to uncover a biomarker and to develop a diagnostic tool for gluten sensitivity. In addition, the Center is pursuing possible links between gluten-related disorders and conditions such as schizophrenia and Autism Spectrum Disorder in certain subgroups of patients.

Dr. Robert Gonzales

Robert Gonzales, PhD

Robert received a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology in 1989, and was a practicing psychotherapist for many years, offering individual and couples counseling.

Robert has contributed to the work of the International Center for Nonviolent Communication as a Certified Trainer, serving as a Certification Assessor, and as former President of the Board of Directors.  He continues to serve as a lead trainer for International Intensive Trainings (IITs).  He was one of the co-founders of the NVC Training Institute. In the year 2000, he established the Prescott Center for Nonviolent Communication. In June 2010, he relocated to Portland, Oregon and re-formed the organization to the Center for Living Compassion, a nonprofit organization through which he shares his work. As the director of the Center for Living Compassion, he conducts seminars and retreats internationally.

Robert's work, Living Compassion has emerged from a lifetime of inquiry into the intersection between spirituality and human communication. His primary influences include Dr. Marshall Rosenberg (founder of Nonviolent Communication), Stephen Schwartz (creator of Compassionate Self-Care). His trainings offer ways to cultivate daily practices for living life fully, grounded in compassion for one’s self and others. The integration of self-compassion and compassionate communication is at the heart of his work.

"All my life, I have yearned for practical ways to integrate the depth and richness of spirituality with the realities of daily life and relationships. As a psychotherapist and teacher, I worked to develop and offer effective pathways to the most enriching and authentic experiences of life.

My work with Living Compassion emerges from my own inner journey enriched and inspired by many that I have enjoyed being and working with.  What I share is centered in the dimension of the heart; it is what is most deeply alive in me and the most meaningful activity in my life."

Dr. Joseph F. Greco

Joseph F. Greco, PhD, PA/C

Dr. Joseph F. Greco is an internationally recognized leader in hair transplantation and regenerative cellular therapy. A specialist in follicular hair transplantation, Dr. Greco has bean a pioneer in natural hair restoration techniques for over 30 years. He has practiced 31 years as a board-certified physician assistant in orthopedic surgery, general vascular surgery and hair restoration surgery.

Highly regarded as an innovator and teacher, Dr. Greco has lectured at the World Congress of the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery. He was also a faculty member in the first scalp diploma course in the world in 2003 (University of Paris) and has taught hair restorat1on surgery to the Dermatology Residents at UCLA School of Medicine. Dr. Greco was awarded the Ethics award In Rome, Italy and the Michelangelo in Florence, Italy by the Italian Society of Hair Restoration.

Dr. Greco has authored numerous journal art1cles, textbook chapters and international publications. He has bean involved in groundbreaking research in biological hair regeneration technology and was awarded three research grants by the International Society of Hair Restoration. Additionally, Dr. Greco has developed a number of surgical instruments and non-surgical biological hair regeneration therapies now in use by physicians worldwide.

Dr. Greco is a founding partner and Director of Clinical Research for OroGen BloSclences, Inc., a research and development company specializing in growth factor-stem cell technology. OroGen technology is used by some of the most famous orthopedic physicians and regenerative medicine specialists in the world.

During the past 6 years, Dr. Greco, has lectured on growth factor-stem cell therapy at eight International conferences and has completed two research grants in regenerative biologics. He has also trained dozens of physician’s world wide in orthoblologlc procedures and cosmetic techniques.

The Greco family is the only third-generation family in the world preforming hair restoration surgery, which began in 1960 with Joseph F. Greco, MD. It continues today with Dr. Greco, his brothers Jeffrey M. Greco. MD. Jonathan P. Greco, MD and his son, Joseph F Greco. Ill. MD, a dermatologic surgeon at UCLA.

Dr. Tom Guilliams

Tom Guilliams, PhD

Dr. Tom Guilliams earned his doctorate from the Medical College of Wisconsin (Milwaukee) where he studied molecular immunology in the Microbiology Department.  He has 18 years of experience in the dietary supplement industry studying epidemiological data and clinical research to help him develop evidence-based nutritional solutions that enhance the efficacy of nutritional therapies in clinical practice.   He has an intimate knowledge of the raw material supply chain and ingredients that make up dietary supplements and functional foods.  In his most recent book "Supplementing Dietary Nutrients - A Guide for Healthcare Professionals" he compiles nearly two decades of researching answers to questions posed by clinicians on behalf of their patients, along with his own insatiable curiosity to know "why" and "how" nutrients work.
As the Vice President of Scientific Affairs for Ortho Molecular Products, he has developed a wide array of products and programs which allow clinicians to use nutritional supplements and lifestyle interventions as safe, evidence-based and effective tools for a variety of patients.
Tom teaches at the University of Wisconsin-School of Pharmacy, where he holds an appointment as a Clinical Instructor; and at the University of Minnesota School of Pharmacy and is a faculty member of the Fellowship in Anti-aging Regenerative and Functional Medicine.  He lives outside of Stevens Point, Wisconsin with his wife and children.

Dr. Joel J. Heidelbaugh

Joel J. Heidelbaugh, MD, FAAFP, FACG

Joel J. Heidelbaugh, MD, FAAFP, FACG, is a Clinical Professor in the Departments of Family Medicine and Urology at the University of Michigan Medical School.  He graduated from the Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, New York in 1996 and completed his family medicine residency at St. Joseph's Hospital Health Center in Syracuse, in 1999.  He is the medical student clerkship director in the Department of Family Medicine and is active in pre-doctoral education at the University of Michigan Medical School.  Dr. Heidelbaugh's clinical interests include preventive men’s health and wellness, non-surgical urology and sexual medicine, treatment of gastrointestinal diseases including functional disorders, and full-spectrum family medicine.  He is the creator, editor, and co-author of the only evidence-based textbook on men’s health, Clinical Men’s Health: Evidence in Practice.  Dr. Heidelbaugh is the consulting editor of Primary Care Clinics in Office Practice and serves on the editorial boards for the Journal of Men’s Health (International Society of Men’s Health Journal) and the American Journal of Men’s Health.  He has authored over 60 manuscripts and chapters in peer-reviewed journals and textbooks.

Dr. Mark C. Houston

Mark C. Houston, MD, MS, MSc, FACP, FAHA, FASH, FACN

Dr. Mark Houston is Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Director of the Hypertension Institute and Vascular Biology and Medical Director of the Division of Human Nutrition at Saint Thomas Medical Group , Saint Thomas Hospital  and Health Services in Nashville, TN.   
Dr Houston was selected as one of the Top Physicians in Hypertension in the US in 2008-2014 by the Consumer Research Council, and by USA Today as one of the Most Influential Doctors in the US in both Hypertension and Hyperlipidemia twice in 2009- 2010.  He was selected as The Patient’s Choice Award in 2010 -2012 by Consumer Reports USA.
He is triple boarded certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), the American Society of Hypertension (ASH) and the American Board of Anti-Aging and Regenerative Medicine (ABAARM)).  He holds two Masters of Science degrees in HUMAN NUTRITION and another in METABOLIC MEDICINE.  He is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians, the American Heart Association, American Society of Hypertension , American College of Nutrition and American Academy of Anti-Aging and Regenerative Medicine.
He graduated with highest honors (Summa Cum Laude) and the Alpha Omega Alpha honorary society distinction from Vanderbilt Medical School and completed his medical internship and residency at the University of California, San Francisco, then returned to Vanderbilt Medical Center where he was chief resident in medicine and served on the full time faculty.
Dr. Houston has presented over 10,000 lectures, nationally and internationally and published over 250 medical articles ,  scientific abstracts in peer reviewed medical journals , books and book chapters.. Six best selling books that he has authored are the Handbook of Antihypertensive Therapy, Vascular Biology for the Clinician, What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Hypertension , Hypertension Handbook for Students and Clinicians and The Hypertension Handbook.  His latest book is What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Heart Disease is a best seller.


Dr. Luann Jacobs

Luann Jacobs, MA, SLP, RMT

A speech-language pathologist for 40 years working with adults with neurological disorders, I was trained in the practice of Reiki in 1992 and quickly saw its benefit personally and professionally when working with my brain-injured clients.  My philosophy about Reiki is that the still quiet touch of Reiki is biofeedback for the body and the benefit of Reiki touch is largely in the learning to use self-care touch as a daily help. This experience made me want to become a Reiki Master, the teacher level of Reiki.   I incorporated a particular technology of biofeedback (Heartmath) into my clinical work when I discovered this simple way to measure the qualitative experience of synchronicity of mind/body.

Over the last fifteen years I have focused myself on bringing the benefits of Reiki into the arena of medicine.  I have founded and coordinated Reiki and Biofeedback Services for the George Washington University and Medical Center, including for the GW Center for Integrative Medicine since its inception in 1998, for the George Washington University Hospital’s (GWUH) Reiki Volunteer Program since 2004 and one of the first in the USA;  for the GW Breast Care Center since 2011. Teaching our GW medical students and residents how to care for themselves as well as their patients through these tools is part of the mission of our Integrative Medicine Track program at the GW Medical School.

In 2000, I founded Reiki Partners, a structured group meeting twice monthly for practitioners in the metropolitan Washington D.C. area to expand their knowledge and practice in the field of Reiki/Biofeedback.  In 2010 I designed and implemented a sixteen-week Reiki Fellowship Program to mentor and train master level Reiki practitioners in the professional skills of  Reiki/Biofeedback specialists in a clinical medical setting.  Also, in 2010 I established a Reiki Program at the request of a 90 year-old resident in a Senior Living Center in Washington D.C. that continues today; fourth-year medical students studying Reiki designed a Reiki/Biofeedback Poster session based on the experiences at this Senior Center, presented it at the American Medical Student Holistic Association national meeting and won first place.  In 2013 I received funding to bring a Reiki/Biofeedback Program into the N Street Village, a residential shelter for homeless women.

Reiki/Biofeedback Therapy and Teaching Experience

  • 1998-2014 Center for Integrative Medicine, 908 New Hampshire Ave., Suite 200, Washington, D.C. 20037.  Provide Reiki therapy and Biofeedback training to clients for increasing relaxation response.  Provide training Reiki levels one, two and master (teacher.)
  •  2004-2014  George Washington University Hospital: Coordinate Reiki Relaxation Volunteer Program for. Recruit, train and supervise credentialed volunteers who provide Reiki services to patients, families and staff of GW Hospital.  We reached 5,000 visits this year and were featured in Natural Horizons health magazine.
  • 2010-2014  GW Breast Care Center: Provided Reiki Clinic bi-weekly for women receiving treatment for breast cancer at the.
  • 2010-2014 Thomas Circle Senior Living Center, Washington, D.C.:   Provide Reiki/Biofeedback program to residents and teach them self care Reiki and Reiki touch to care for each other.
  • 2000-2014  GW Center for Integrative Medicine: Established ReikiPartners, bi weekly group meeting of Reiki practitioners in the metropolitan Washington, DC area to provide support for ongoing standard of care.
  • 2006-2014 George Washington University Medical School: Coordinated the Brown Bag “For Your Health” Teaching Series for the first and second year medical students in the Integrative Medicine Track.  Organized and participated in the once-weekly noon lecture series highlighting each of the disciplines at the GW Center for Integrative Medicine.
  • 2002-2014  GW Center for Integrative Medicine: Coordinate the weekly staff meeting schedule of guest speakers, journal club presentations, and case conferences.
  • 1998-2014 Yoga On High Yoga Teacher Training School: Trained leaders of yoga school in all levels of Reiki, preparing them to open their own Reiki training group.  Continue to provide therapeutic sessions for teachers in training during their yearly silent yoga retreats.
  • 2014 MedYoga Conference:  Joint program in conjunction with the Smithsonian Sackler Gallery exhibit of Yoga as Transformation with Yael Flusberg, therapeutic yoga teacher and Reiki Master, “Connecting Mind/Body Using Yoga and Biofeedback.”
  • 1998 -2014: Led numerous teaching sessions to medical and health organizations about the role of Reiki and Biofeedback in the clinical setting - National Critical Care Conference,  DC Critical Care Nurses, The Ohio State University Integrative Medicine Center, Marymount University School of Nursing, American University Conference on Wellness.

Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) Experience

1972-2013  Private Practice: Delivered individual care and assisted various providers (acute, long-term, adult day, and home care) in the development of new programs and revenue opportunities. 
Institutions and organizations for which I provided consulting/PRN services are Adventist Home Health of DC and Va; Columbia-Reston Home Health, Reston, Va; Jefferson Hospital, Alexandria, Va.; Commonwealth Care Nursing Center, Fairfax, Va.; Cameron Glen Care Center, Reston, Va.; Sephardic Home for the Aged, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Beth Abraham Hospital Adult Day Care Program, Bronx, N.Y.; Speech and Hearing Department Rehabilitation Services, Simi Valley Adventist Hospital, Simi Valley, Calif.; and Mary Manning Walsh Nursing Home, New York, N.Y.

1995-1998  Rehab Professionals in Home Care.  In partnership with Peggy Sympson, Physical Therapist, created our company in Arlington, provide education, training and consulting in response to change initiated by managed care initiatives. Developed a one day course for other home care practitioners desiring to or currently working in home care; co-authored a manual “Home Health Care: The Big Picture,” that accompanied the course, and presented this course throughout cities on the east coast and at numerous state association meetings.  We also developed an advanced course dealing with the critical issues affecting home health delivery of services.

1989-1995  Rehabilitation Field Supervisor and Communication Specialist for INOVA Home Health, Inova Health Systems, Fairfax, Va.  Started as a staff SLP and progressed in management responsibility to supervision of 80 rehab staff.  Responsibilities included:

  • case management
  • preparing staff for JCAHO(Joint Commission: Accreditation, Health Care, Certification)  review and accreditation (achieved)
  • developing standardized documentation system
  • educating nurse liaisons and managed care staff for appropriate rehab referrals
  • coordinating Mt. Vernon Hospital/Inova Home Health Rehab Team Rounds
  • I was named Therapist of the Year 1993 for leadership role

1981-1984  SLP for Dept. of Otolaryngology, Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Mo.
In addition to my SLP duties in an acute care rehabilitation program I was a founding member of the Missouri Head Injury Association which was instrumental in changing the diagnostic codes for brain injury to a recognized disease group and reimbursable by insurance.

1970-1971  SLP, Visiting Nurses Association, Washington, D.C.
Sole SLP serving home care patients in Washington,D.C. and Md. for the Visiting Nurses Association.

Higher Education

1971  M.A. - Speech Pathology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana

1968  B.S. - Speech Pathology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana


1972-2013 CCC - National Certificate of Clinical Competence from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

State Licensures maintained in appropriate years for New York, Missouri, California, and Virginia.

2008 Reiki Master Teacher in the Komyo Kai system of Reiki Natural Healing.
1997 Reiki Master Usui System of Reiki Natural Healing
1993 Reiki Level Two Usui System of Reiki Natural Healing
1992 Reiki Level One in the Usui System of Reiki Natural Healing.

Dr. Russell M. Jaffe

Russell M. Jaffe, MD, PhD, CCN

Russell Jaffe, MD, PhD has had the privilege of contributing to the “birth” of modern integrative medicine. He works from first principles of biology to clarify the causal mechanisms of good health and ill health. His over 100 articles and invited reviews attest to his professional contributions. The practical contributions to clinical medicine and to healthcare policy presented here provide you an introduction to him and his work. Functional, predictive tests and procedures designed to improve the precision of both diagnosis and of treatment outcomes are his focus. Cause(fundamental source of the problem) is more interesting than consequence(symptoms) when the goal is high-level function and well-being. Examples of his contributions to molecular biology and clinical diagnostics include:

1. Early colon cancer detection test: Tests a tiny speck of stool for traces of blood (occult blood). Previous occult blood tests were inhibited by ascorbate. After documenting how much inhibition ascorbate causes, he validated a  novel procedure suitable for either stool or urine that is not inhibited by ascorbate (vitamin C).

2. Predictive tests of cardiovascular health and function based on changes in blood clotting and systemic repair status:

  • Dose-response platelet aggregation assays.
  • Fibrinogen survival assay using fully active fibrinogen.
  • Platelet survival assay using fully active platelets.

3. Molecular biology discoveries:

  • Quantification of the number of concurrent platelet binding sites needed for collagen to activate platelet-induced blood clotting.
  • Identification of the mechanism that controls collagen activation of platelets.

4. Antigen ultra-purification for use in high sensitivity immunology assays: Purer antigens mean more precise test results. A novel volatile buffer is used. The buffer evaporates as the antigen dries on the surface of the reaction chamber (microtiter plate). This allows for uniquely effective, more specific challenges from which to determine hypersensitivity in LRA by ELISA/ACT functional cell response assays.

5. Mechanism of connective tissue cross-link inhibition by d-penicillamine.

6. Predictive tests of immune function and hypersensitivity / delayed allergy:
A proprietary, comprehensive, autologous, ex vivo lymphocyte response assay (LRA by ELISA/ACT®) cell culture that tests concurrently all 3 types of delayed immune responses (based on Gel and Coombs’ categories of immune response)

7. Predictive tests of nutritional / metabolic function: Nutritional and toxic mineral provocation test protocols using d-penicillamine to assess cellular mineral and buffering capacity through a safer, non-invasive technique. Separately, Dr. Jaffe has received numerous patents for this discoveries in nutritional science. These advances are incorporated into the PERQUE line of professionally dispensed dietary supplements. PERQUE unique features include scientific and clinical leadership, full disclosure labels, proven full bioavailability, proven full function formulas, and clinically validated full health promotion.

8. In health policy and the development of a cost and outcome effective, sustainable health promotion system.

Honored as an International Scientist of 2003 by the IBC, Oxford, England, UK for his lifetime contributions to clinical medicine, biochemistry, immunology, methodology, and integrative health policy, Dr. Jaffe is appreciative of the recognition of his peers. He currently serves on the American Board of Clinical Metal Toxicology and coordinates its certification training program. America’s Top Physicians 2005, Who’s Who in America; Who’s Who in Medicine and Science; Who’s Who in Business and Engineering all have included him in recognition of his contributions to science and community.

Dr. Mikhail Kogan

Mikhail Kogan, MD

Medical Director
Integrative Medicine Fellowship Director
Primary Care Internal Medicine, Geriatrics, Functional Medicine

For Dr. Mikhail Kogan, Medical Director of the GW Center for Integrative Medicine, the practice of medicine, much like the rest of his life, has been a journey of great distance across many cultures, with valuable new learning and different perspectives coming at every step along the way. All of those experiences – here or abroad, in the classroom or the clinic, on the road and at home, in his professional career and his personal life – have endowed Dr. Kogan with the skills, talents, openness, and inquisitiveness that set him apart as a committed and caring practitioner of integrative medicine.

Born in Moscow in what was then the Soviet Union, Dr. Kogan emigrated with his family while still in his teen years, first to Israel and then to the United States, where he obtained his medical degree from the Drexel University College of Medicine in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He followed a Primary Care and Social Medicine Track Residency in Internal Medicine at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, and a Fellowship in Geriatric Medicine at The George Washington University Medical Center in Washington, D.C., which led to his joining the faculty there as an assistant professor of medicine in the Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Care. In addition to multiple research and teaching responsibilities at the GW Medical Center, Dr. Kogan currently serves as Associate Director of the Geriatrics Fellowship Program and provides geriatric consultations at George Washington University Hospital.

In addition to his formal training in conventional Western medicine, Dr. Kogan has actively pursued a number of other healing arts and practices that have shaped his understanding of and approach to patient care. He is a graduate of a two-year training course in craniosacral therapy, a subtle osteopathic modality that has a wide range of effectiveness for different conditions such as headaches, back pains, and fatigue. He has also completed a four-year program at the Suluk Academy, a teaching center based on the principles and traditions of Sufism, where he learned how to incorporate meditation, mindfulness, and different spiritual practices into his daily life and his work with the patients. Among his many other areas of study are courses in nutrition, therapeutic use of vitamins, functional medicine, botanicals, and other alternative modalities.

Weaving those tools into the fabric of his medical practice has enabled Dr. Kogan to provide innovative and effective treatments to his patients with minimal use of invasive procedures or heavy reliance on medications, to understand the importance of self-exploration, awareness and beneficial lifestyle changes as essential stepping stones on his patients’ paths towards better health.

His commitment to the importance of integrating different healing modalities with modern-day Western medicine has led him to become a founding board member of the American Board of Integrative Medicine, the director of the George Washington University Integrative Geriatrics Fellowship and co-director of the Integrative Medicine Track program at the George Washington University School of Medicine, a part-time faculty member of the George Washington Institute for Spirituality and Health, and GW Center for Aging, Health and Humanities.

This commitment to an integrated approach to patient care is at the heart of Dr. Kogan’s vision of the GW Center for Integrative Medicine as a model for the Integrated Medical Home, a repository of resources, care, and healing for all patients, but especially those with complex medical problems and chronic conditions who so often need more than conventional Western medical treatments alone can provide.

In November 2013, Drexel Magazine, a publication of Drexel University, listed Dr. Mikhail Kogan in its first 40 Under 40 alumni section, a report celebrating “a few of the bright, innovative, entrepreneurial minds who are making their mark on the world.”

Outside of the clinic, Dr. Kogan, together with his wife Angela, stays busy raising young sons Peter and Sebastian. True to his calling as an integrative practitioner, his leisure time is replete with healthy lifestyle activities that nourish both body and spirit – vigorous exercise, frequent nature walks with his family and dog, beekeeping, and gardening.

Dr. Kogan is available for integrative medicine consultations, craniosacral therapy sessions, and integrative primary care visits on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays at the Center for Integrative Medicine.

Dr. James LaValle

James LaValle, RPh, CCN, MS

James LaValle, R.Ph., C.C.N., DHM, DHPh., is a nationally recognized clinical pharmacist, author, board certified clinical nutritionist, and founder of CEO founder of Integrative Health Resources, an integrative medicine industry consulting company, and Metabolic Code Enterprises. He was awarded the Natural Products Association's 2011 Clinician award for best standards and excellence in integrative medicine modalities. Jim started a venture in 2010 with Life Time Fitness, the largest publicly traded fitness company in the US (NASDAQ: LTM), as the lead nutrition and metabolism expert and is developing Life Time's national nutrition education, protocol design and product development initiatives. He was named one of the "50 Most Influential Pharmacists" by American Druggist magazine and was one of only nine Americans selected to participate in the inaugural Dietary Supplement Education Alliance & Dietary Supplement Information Bureau.

He is author of over 18 books including Cracking the Metabolic Code, Smart Medicine for Healthier Living, The Cox 2 Connection and Nutritional cost of Drugs and the soon to be released "Blood Never Lies". Medical texts include Natural Therapeutics Guide and The Handbook on Drug Induced Nutrient Depletion (LexiComp), and Cancer and Diabetes Molecular Evidence and Epidemiologic Links, Karger Press. LaValle in the past served for 17 years as an appointed adjunct associate professor at Cincinnati College of Pharmacy and Medicine and currently at University of South Florida Medical School and now is course director George Washington University Integrative Medicine course. He is a regular lecturer for the A4M (FAARMF) Fellowship as well as PCCA educational symposiums. Jim has worked with Corvette Racing in their March to Lemans victory and also consults with the Chicago Blackhawks and members of the US Olympic Gymnastics team.

Dr. Laura LaValle

Laura LaValle, RD, LD

Laura has a bachelor's of science degree in nutrition and dietetics from the University of Akron, and has completed Level 2 certificate training in Adult Weight Management through the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. She has worked as a dietitian in a variety of nutrition venues. She is currently the Vice President of Nutrition Content, Education, and Programs for Integrative Health Resources, LLC, overseeing the nutrition and dietetics content and development for projects such as a health and wellness portal called Health Elements, and more recently for the Metabolic Code Diet Program now launching into pharmacy and integrative medicine physician practices. As part of this project, Laura helped develop a line of low glycemic, gluten-free frozen meals for Artisan Bistro Pro Direct. Laura helped train Life Time Fitness dietitians on the usage of the Metabolic Code as a comprehensive weight management tool for clients.

In addition she is a nutrition writer and editor on a variety of projects for Integrative Health Resources, including articles in Life Time Fitness' online newsletter Flourish, authoring articles in Total Health Breakthroughs (an online newsletter) and a LaValle newsletter, The Healing Prescription. Laura was also a contributor and co-editor on Cracking the Metabolic Code (Basic Health Publications 2004) and Your Blood Never Lies (Square One Publishers 2013).

Laura's past dietetics experience includes working as a hospital-based dietitian (working in I.C.U. and cardiac rehab), and nutritional counselor at LaValle Metabolic Institute in Cincinnati, Ohio (where she continues to serve as the Director of Dietetics Services.) Laura has also worked in sales and education in the dietary supplement industry.

Her education and work experience shows a long line of career choices focused on her commitment to two primary goals - helping people have the knowledge and tools to see the difference good nutrition can make in their life and furthering healthcare in the United States toward a system that better utilizes proven dietary supplements for both health and wellness and better management of health conditions.

Dr. Linda Lee

Linda Lee, MD

 Dr. Linda Lee is Board-Certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.  She received her bachelor’s degree in biology from the University of Chicago, graduating with honors.   Dr. Lee attended the Pritzker School of Medicine at the University of Chicago.  After finishing her internal medicine residency at the University of Pennsylvania in 1991, she completed a gastroenterology fellowship at Johns Hopkins.  In 1994, she joined the Hopkins faculty where she has been involved in gastrointestinal and cancer research, teaching, and clinical care.  She lectures frequently in the community and to medical students and practitioners. In addition, she is a Fellow of the American Gastroenterological Association and American College of Physicians, and is the Administrative Editor for Practical Reviews in Gastroenterology.
Dr. Lee spent 13 years in basic science research, studying the function of a cancer protein called Myc in liver cancer.  She has published several articles and reviews on her findings.  During this time, Dr. Lee also led a clinical practice that included the care of cancer patients who had liver or gastrointestinal issues.   She worked closely with oncologists at the Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center to develop expertise in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal complications of stem cell transplantation.
In 2008, Dr. Lee opened the Johns Hopkins Integrative Medicine & Digestive Center, located at Green Spring Station.  In addition to being the Center’s Director, Dr. Lee is also the Clinical Director for the Johns Hopkins Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology.  She is a co-investigator on a NIH national research consortium on the study of gastroparesis, a motility disorder predominantly affecting women. 
The Johns Hopkins Integrative Medicine & Digestive Center provides a broad spectrum of services to enhance conventional care, including acupuncture, massage therapy, nutrition consultation, and integrative psychotherapy.  Specific programs have been developed targeting cancer patients and survivors, as well as women with digestive health issues. 

Dr. Martin Miner

Martin Miner, MD

Martin Miner, MD, currently practices both as the co-director of the Men’s Health Center at the Miriam Hospital in Providence, Rhode Island, and serves as Chief of Family and Community Medicine for the Miriam Hospital. He is also a clinical associate professor of family medicine and urology at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence and has been charged with the development of a multidisciplinary Men’s Health Center within the Lifespan/Brown University system since 2008.
Dr. Miner graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Oberlin College with his AB in biology and received his MD from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. Upon receiving his MD, he completed his residency at Brown University and spent time working with the Indian Health Service Corps and the Public Health Service. Following this experience, he practiced family medicine for 23 years both at Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and in private practice.
Dr. Miner presently holds memberships in the American Academy of Family Physicians, the RI and Massachusetts Academy of Family Physicians, and American Urologic Association, and is a fellow of the Sexual Medicine Society of North America where he was on the BOD until this past year. He is also a member of the International Society for the Study of Women’s Sexual Health and is the President-Elect of the American Society of Men’s Health. Active on several journal editorial boards, Dr. Miner also serves as a reviewer and has published extensively in the areas of erectile dysfunction, cardiovascular disease, benign prostatic hyperplasia, lower urinary tract symptoms, male sexuality, and hormone therapy for men. He has given numerous presentations in the United States and internationally, is active in several research studies on men's health, and was a consultant to the 2009 International Society of Sexual Medicine Consensus Panel.

Dr. Miner was chosen the Brown Teacher of the Year in 2003 and 2007 and was recognized by the Massachusetts Medical Society’s Award as achieving the most significant contribution to Men’s Health: 2012.

Dr. James Ryan

James Ryan, PhD

Dr. Ryan earned his Ph.D. from the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, in the department of Physiology and Neuroscience. His graduate work at the Storm Eye Institute focused on phototransduction in the retina. After his graduate degree, Jim did a post doctoral stint at the University of Miami where he carried out gene expression profiling on spinal cord injuries.

In 2003 he moved back to Charleston to work for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Marine Biotoxins Program, where he researched the effects of marine neurotoxins using gene expression profiling. His work on neurologic injuries quickly led him into the study of neuroinflammation, and then to chronic, system inflammation caused by neurotoxins. The introduction to chronic inflammation was presented while studying patients who with only a single exposure to the marine neurotoxin ciguatoxin, developed a debilitating illness that lasted for years and was characterized by chronic inflammation. Patients with this chronic illness not only were without treatment options, but medical practitioners could not identify illness parameters since routine laboratory testing was normal in most cases. In 2011, Dr. Ryan began working at ProteoGenomics, LLC, a company that specializes in diagnosing patients with chronic inflammatory response syndrome (CIRS).

The company uses medical methods such as history, physical and differential diagnosis to formulate a plan for further diagnostic interventions based on principles of evidence based medicine. To date these additional diagnostic interventions have included measures of blood tests and cultures, all properly called “proteomics.” The unique addition to this process is use of genomic assay that provide evidence of differential gene activation that in turn provides a “fingerprint” that can add to accuracy of the standard evidence based medicine approach.  Further, use of genomics adds to the ability of the clinician to decide what treatment interventions will be required to affect the totality of a given inflammatory illness.  

Dr. Eva Sapi

Eva Sapi, PhD

Dr. Eva Sapi received her Ph.D. degree in Genetics from the University of Eotvos Lorand (Budapest Hungary). She is an Associate Professor at the University of New Haven (Connecticut) where she teaches graduate biology courses and carries out Lyme disease research with her graduate students. To date, over 70 graduate students have received training in Lyme disease related research.
In the last several years UNH Lyme disease research group has identified an alarming increase in the co-infection rate in deer ticks in Southern Connecticut, including discovery of novel co-infections such microfilarial nematode and mycoplasma species.
Her recent studies investigate the different forms of Borrelia burgdorferi to better understand how Borrelia can hide from the immune system as well as from antimicrobial therapies. Her recent research shows that Borrelia burgdorferi is capable forming a protective layer around itself  – called biofilm – which could render it to be very resistant to antibiotics and provide a logical explanation as to why extensive antibiotic treatment for patients with a tick-bite history could fail. The goal of her research group is to fully characterize this novel form and to identify novel antibacterial agents that are effective in killing all forms of Borrelia burgdorferi.
Dr. Sapi organized and chaired six Lyme Disease Symposiums at the University of New Haven during the last several years. 

Dr. Shilpa P. Saxena

Shilpa P. Saxena, MD

Shilpa P. Saxena, MD is a Board-Certified Family Practice physician whose passion and purpose come to life through her experiences with education and empowerment to attain extraordinary life outcomes for her patients and community. In addition to over 15 years of progressive patient care and a flourishing functional medicine practice, Dr. Saxena is a Fellow & Guest Faculty of the Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine, Faculty with the Institute for Functional Medicine, and Volunteer Assistant Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health, and University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. She is an expert in the Group Visit medical model and enjoys bringing unique and effective practice management solutions to audiences in her classic 'keep it simple' style. With an excitement of being a part of the movement positioned to cure the worldwide chronic disease epidemic, she speaks internationally to encourage and inspire both physicians and patients to regain the power to activate a transformation towards well-being.

Dr. Michael A. Schmidt

Michael A. Schmidt, PhD

Michael A. Schmidt, Ph.D. is Course Director of the Clinical Genomics, Proteomics, and Metabolomics Program, within the Integrative and Metabolic Medicine Program at George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. His program has a clinical focus that is founded on bridging the emergent science of Omics into clinical practice and exploring how these concepts may be applied to development of personalized medicine strategies.

Dr. Schmidt did his Ph.D. research in molecular medicine and biochemistry within the Life Sciences Division at NASA Ames Research Center, work that was focused on changes in human molecular dynamics and autonomic nervous system regulation in extreme conditions, such as prolonged, continuous hypergravity. During this time, he also did a fellowship at NASA's Psychophysiology Research Laboratory, focused on neuroelectrophysiology and countermeasures aimed at modification of neuroplasticity, as a means to raise human tolerance to extended microgravity, hypergravity, sleep deprivation, night vision operations, pararescue, high altitude flight, and other stressors encountered in extreme environments. He also studied biochemistry and neuroscience at Lancaster University (UK), centered on molecular modifiers of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and their potential for use in facilitating neuroplastic change in clinical medicine. He has done further training in mass spectrometry-based metabolomics, through an NIH sponsored program at the University of Colorado, as well as training in Data and Models at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Dr. Schmidt's clinical and research work is focused on integrating metabolic network analysis with complex physiologic metrics, and on understanding how these interactions dynamically change across disease and performance states. His goal is to advance personalized medicine solutions for humans in extreme conditions (such as space travel) and for earth-based medical applications. This includes innovations in what he has termed, Essential Input-Based Metabolomics. Dr. Schmidt has been invited to be a part of various working groups within the space biomedicine community, such as those focused on long-duration habitation on the International Space Station, humans in artificial gravity environments, human missions to Mars, and others. His group is currently working on a platform for real-time, targeted serum proteome for a human mission to Mars. He and his team have also developed electrophysiologic sensor-driven countermeasure solutions, aimed at enhancing anabolic drive for applications in human performance and clinical care.

Dr. Schmidt has collaborations with scientists from the Southwest Research Institute to pursue some of the early human medical monitoring experiments that will be sent into suborbital space on spacecraft, such as those from Virgin Galactic, XCOR, and others. Much of this work is based on using genotype and molecular phenotype to better understand DNA stability and molecular network dynamics in various conditions of suborbital space flight. This research also involves studying 3-dimensional human tissue models with research partners at the Disease Modeling and Tissue Analogues Laboratory at NASA Johnson Space Center. Dr. Schmidt has further collaborations in human host-pathogen research with the Rocky Mountain Regional Center for Excellence in Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Research at the Infectious Disease Research Complex at Colorado State University. This work is focused on using Omics to identify novel host and pathogen dynamics in diseases, such as tuberculosis, with an aim toward developing novel molecular diagnostics with predictive value, as well as novel therapeutics.

Dr. Schmidt is the author of Beyond Antibiotics: Strategies for Living in a World of Emerging Infections and Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, which explores a systems approach to infectious disease, proposing a sophisticated integration of host-centered and microbe-centered approaches in the face of a declining antibiotic pipeline.  He also authored Brain-Building Nutrition, which describes the role of fatty acids and phospholipids in forming the molecular architecture of the brain and nervous system, and the potential of selected lipids to modify the brain’s plasticity and function. Dr. Schmidt is also co-author of the recent paper, Personalized Medicine in Human Space Flight: Using Omics Based Analyses to Develop Individualized Countermeasures that Enhance Astronaut Safety and Performance, published in the journal Metabolomics in 2013.

Dr. Schmidt is the founder of Sovaris Aerospace, LLC and Chairman of MetaboLogics, LLC, based at the Research Innovation Center, Infectious Disease Research Complex at Colorado State University. He is also co-chair of the Advanced Pattern Analysis and Countermeasures Group. Dr. Schmidt is a member of the Society for Neuroscience, the Epigenetics Society, and the Metabolomics Society.

In addition to his academic and research work, Dr. Schmidt has trained in mediation and conflict resolution, through the Center for Non-Violent Communication. He uses these methods to inspire successful teams, develop strong coping skills in team members, create collaborative systems, build strong organizations, and foster strong partnerships.  While much of his work is centered on managing complexity in technical environments, he has a strong ethos devoted to the importance of compassion, human relationships, empathy, and fostering an evolving philosophy of medicine, where human needs (clinician and person seeking care) always remain at the center of our clinical consideration.

Dr. Michelle Segar

Michelle Segar, PhD, MPH

Michelle Segar, PhD, MPH is the Co-Director of The Sport, Health, and Activity Research and Policy Center at the University of Michigan and Chair of the National Physical Activity Plan's Communication Committee. She is frequently consulted on as a behavioral sustainability expert by media such as The New York Times and Forbes, and is a scientific advisor to government agencies like the US Department of Health and Human Services. Dr. Segar's award-winning research investigates how to foster the levers of sustainable motivation and health behaviors in patients and employees. Her provocative work suggests that logical, future rewards like "preventing disease" do not motivate people to sustain health behaviors as well as immediately-experienced and emotional rewards such as "improved mood" and "increased energy."

Dr. Segar has pioneered wellness systems and protocols that lead to the sustainable motivation and consistent decision making that underlie fitness, health, and well-being. She advises providers of health care, wellness, and fitness solutions and technology companies on new methods to achieve optimal patient motivation and behavioral adherence. Dr. Segar's fresh insights on creating sustainable behavior are informed by three synergistic perspectives. As a:

  • Behavioral sustainability and motivation researcher
  • Health behavior program development and evaluation specialist
  • Physical activity and lifestyle coach to women

Grounded in research on culture, motivation, and decision making and refined through almost 20 years of coaching individuals herself, Dr. Segar created a comprehensive-but-simple motivation architecture that builds behaviors to last a lifetime. She trains professionals in her method and speaks about these ideas to audiences of practitioners and consumers internationally.

Dr. Segar's interventions and translational research have been funded by the National Institutes of Health, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Foundation, Michigan Institute for Health & Clinical Research, and the American Association of University Women. Her innovative insights and methods for fostering high-quality motivation and sustainable physical activity have generated professional accolades from prestigious organizations such as the Society of Behavioral Medicine, American College of Sports Medicine, Michigan's Governor Council on Physical Fitness, Health, & Sport, National Association for Women's Health, and the North American Menopause Society. Dr. Segar's interdisciplinary training includes a Ph.D. in Psychology, a M.P.H. in Health Behavior and Health Education, and a M.S. in Kinesiology.

Dr. Christopher Shade

Christopher Shade, PhD

Dr. Christopher Shade obtained B.S. and M.S. degrees from Lehigh University in environmental and aqueous chemistry.  Dr. Shade earned a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois where he studied the environmental and analytical chemistries of mercury as well as advanced aquatic chemistry.  During his Ph.D. work, Dr. Shade patented analytical technology for mercury speciation analysis and later founded Quicksilver Scientific, LLC in order to commercialize this technology. 

Shortly after starting Quicksilver Scientific, Dr. Shade turned his focus to the human aspects of mercury exposure/toxicity and the human detoxification system.  He has since developed specific clinical analytical techniques for measuring mercury exposure and a system of products to remove metallic and organic toxins by upregulation of innate detoxification biochemistry.  His current focus is at the intersection of neuroinflammatory issues, immune dysregulation, toxicity, and infection - specifically how to peel away the layers of overlapping dysfunction in the sick individual until you get to a point at which the system rights itself. 

Dr. Ritchie C. Shoemaker

Ritchie C. Shoemaker, MD

Since finishing Duke Med School in 1977 and Williamsport (Pa) Hospital Family Practice residency in 1980, Dr. Shoemaker has practiced outpatient Family Medicine in Pocomoke, Maryland, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The practice rural setting among wetlands between the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean suited his naturalist interests. In 1996, however, Shoemaker’s life changed with the unexpected appearance of a toxin-forming dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria piscicida, in the estuaries of the Pocomoke River and adjacent Eastern shore rivers. The appearance of human illness caused by Pfiesteria, initially denied by the State of Maryland and the CDC, intrigued him even as he struggled to find a cure.
The mechanism of acute and chronic illness seen in Pfiesteria and shared by multiple other biotoxin formers, including other dinoflagellates, cyanobacteria, bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi, among others, has led to a focus on these chronic inflammatory response syndromes for the last 18 years.
Shoemaker has retired from practice but trains physicians in his diagnostic and treatment protocols; performs research with the Center for Research on Biotoxin Associated Illnesses; and lectures extensively. He has provided testimony in over 200 cases as a medical expert.
His research emphasizes the role of proteomics and genomics in ongoing inflammation.

Dr. Stephen T. Sinatra

Stephen T. Sinatra, MD, FACC, FACN, CNS, CBT

Dr. Stephen T. Sinatra is a board-certified cardiologist. He is also an Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine in Farmington, Connecticut and a Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine at the University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine in Biddeford, Maine. Certified as a bioenergetic psychotherapist, and nutrition and anti-aging specialist, Dr. Sinatra integrates psychological, nutraceutical and electroceutical therapies in the matrix of healing. He is the founder of, an informational website dedicated to promoting public awareness of integrative medicine. Dr. Sinatra is a fellow in the American College of Cardiology and the American College of Nutrition.  He was former Chief of Cardiology (8 years) and Director of Medical Education (19 years) at Manchester Memorial Hospital in Manchester, CT.  Dr. Sinatra’s latest book, The Great Cholesterol Myth Cookbook  was recently released.  He has written sixteen books including The Great Cholesterol Myth,  The Sinatra Solution/Metabolic Cardiology and Earthing: The Most Important Health Discovery Ever. Dr. Sinatra’s research on Metabolic Cardiology and Grounding’s beneficial relationship to blood thinning were his greatest contributions to health and healing.  Dr. Sinatra has also appeared on many TV shows including Dr. Oz, The Doctors, The Today Show and Your Health TV.

Dr. Michael Skinner, PhD

Michael Skinner, PhD

Dr. Michael Skinner is a professor in the School of Biological Sciences at Washington State University.  He did his B.S. in chemistry at Reed College in Portland Oregon, his Ph.D, in biochemistry at Washington State University and his Postdoctoral Fellowship at the C.H. Best Institute at the University of Toronto.  He has been on the faculty of Vanderbilt University and the University of California at San Francisco.  Dr. Skinner’s research is focused on the investigation of gonadal growth and differentiation, with emphasis in the area of reproductive biology. His current research has demonstrated the ability of environmental toxicants to promote the epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of disease phenotypes due to abnormal germ line epigenetic programming in gonadal development.  Dr. Skinner has over 240 peer reviewed publications and has given over 237  invited symposia, plenary lectures and university seminars.

Dr. Skinner established and was the Director of the Washington State University and University of Idaho Center for Reproductive Biology (CRB) since its inception in 1996.  The CRB has over 90 faculty and is one of the largest reproductive sciences research Centers in the world.  Dr. Skinner also established and was the Director of the Center for Integrated Biotechnology (CIB).  The CIB was established in 2002 and has over 170 active research faculty members.  In 2008 he stepped down at Director of the Centers to focus his efforts on his research.  His research has been highlighted in BBC,PBS and Smithsonian documentaries and selected as one of the top 100 discoveries in 2005 and 2007 by Discover.   In 2013 he received the American Ingenuity Award from the Smithsonian. Dr. Skinner has served  on numerous journal editorial boards and as an officer for several scientific societies.  In addition, Dr Skinner has been actively involved with the start-up of several biotechnology companies.

Dr. Mary Beth Williams

Mary Beth Williams, PhD

Mary Beth Williams, Ph.D. LCSW, CTS maintains a private practice in Warrenton, VA, where she specializes in the treatment of trauma. Williams served as President of the Association of Traumatic Stress Specialists and Board Member of The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS). Dr. Williams has published extensively in the trauma field and is the author, editor, and co-editor of many journal articles, as well as 10 books, including The PTSD Workbook (with S. Poijula) (2nd Ed. April 2013) and Life After Trauma (with D. Rosenbloom, 2nd Ed. 2010). She has helped at least 50 veterans obtain their service connected disability for PTSD ranging from 30 - 70% permanent - 100%. Dr Williams has developed a curriculum for returning warriors and potential employers entitled "Slogging the Bog of War to Return to the World of Work". She is clinical director of the 501 ( C) (3) facility for veterans called Bald Eagle Ranch and Conference Center. Williams is a diplomat in police psychology and has been the clinician and instructor for two Peer Response Teams of Customs and Border Patrol. Dr. Williams is beginning an apprenticeship program with Epona in Tucson Arizona on on the ground work with horses.

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